By Shahla Aliyeva
You will agree that programming is evolving very fast. To ensure that you remain relevant and on the competitive edge as a developer, you need to get out of your comfort zone and keep abreast of all the new skills in the field. This is because hiring managers are always on the hunt for software engineers who are conversant with the latest trends, and have extra skills. This article shares five must-have skills for developers in 2020.
Simply put, containerization is the art of bundling code together with the dependencies, libraries, and configuration files for reliable and efficient running across different computing environments. As a developer, you need to be conversant with containers on both local and cloud levels.
There are many containerization technologies, tools, and resources. Docker, an open-source containerization engine, is the first technology you should familiarize with because it is open-source and thus very versatile. Other worthy mentions include Docker Enterprise, Apache Mesos, and Kubernetes.
2. Advanced Database Management
Database management is evolving very fast now that the increased server and computer storage and performance needs have led to the development of new data storage systems and protocols. As a developer, therefore, it's imperative that you understand the variety of options available when it comes to databases and data storage systems.
You need to have the technical knowledge of how different applications can be supported on the backend, and how this affects overall performance and functionality. A good example of new database styles is DynamoDB, which uses attribute items and tables as the core components, unlike the standard MySQL. It allows developers to work on unstructured data sets without necessarily having the same values.
3. Libraries and Frameworks
It's worthy to mention that libraries and frameworks are no shortcuts, but smarter ways of making work easier. Examples of libraries and frameworks you need to be aware of include Bootsrap, jQUery, Parsley, Angular, Node. JS and Ember just to mention a few.
4. Graphic Design
It sounds absurd, but then, most job adverts require a developer with graphic design skills. Well, you don't need to be an expert in graphic design, but in some cases, you will need to circumvent your way with several graphic design tools to breathe life into your projects. From time to time, you will need to resize, crop or edit images to suit your needs.
Learn to play with tools and software like Photoshop so that along your way, you won't have to rely on external help. Perfecting graphic design is also a great investment if you want to be a versatile web developer who can come up with a finished product.
5. Cloud Services
In this age, cloud services are no longer a reserve for the billion-dollar corporations as small businesses are also leveraging on these computer system resources to cut down operation costs.
There are so many cloud services, so don't pressure yourself to learn all of them. Start with the popular ones like Azure, AWS, and GCP.
The above are some of the best hard skills every developer needs to be familiar with. Besides the hard skills, you also need soft skills like creativity, persuasion, teamwork, adaptability, and emotional intelligence to make you an all-round professional.